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"Herbs have been used for thousands of years to help people create and sustain a healthy and vital life..."

Our beautiful herb garden has a fascinating array of culinary, medicinal, aromatic, and flowering plants. The garden and its tenants, the angora rabbits, are shaded and sustained by a small grove of edible bamboo. We use organic intensive methods in the cultivation cycle.

 

In most cases we lift plants directly from the garden for ease of transplanting and optimum size. We will be glad to help with any cultivation questions or share information about preparation and use.

contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or (540) 894-5126

Visit the herb garden by appointment

Though Herb Day has been canceled for 2014, the garden is open by appointment March through October. Please call first to stop by and browse. We will be glad to help you with any herbal questions or problems that you might have. We offer for sale a wide variety of plants propagated directly from our working stock. Tours are welcome.

For information and to make an appointment for individuals or groups to tour the herb garden, contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or (540) 894-5126 12:30-3:00pm Tues - Fri.

One event per year is currently offered. Here is the invitation for the current calendar year.

Herb Garden

We would like to invite you to come learn about herbs at our

Annual Herb Day: Saturday May 18, 2013 [Canceled for 2014.]

(If it rains hard, we will cancel.)

Enjoy assorted sweet & savory herbal treats and teas. You'll receive recipes and have time to chat with our herbalist. Plants

from the garden will be available for purchase.

Herb Day ~ Tours & Tea in the Garden [Canceled for 2014]
Join Hildegard & Ira for a guided tour.

Morning Session 10:00 - noon
Guided tour of the Twin Oaks Herb Garden with Morning Tea

Afternoon Session 1:00 - 3:00 pm
Guided tour of the Twin Oaks Herb Garden with Afternoon Tea

Fee for one session is $10, pay at the door, cash or check.
Please pre-register by email

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Our Herb SpecialistsLotus in Herb Garden

Ira Wallace
Studied at New College Environmental Studies Institute, workshops at N. C. Botanical Gardens, and Ontario Herbalist Society at Dandelion Community, Certified Plants Person with the Ontario Board of Horticulturists.

Hildegard Ott
Organic gardener, writer, homesteader, specializing as herbal consultant. Maker of herbal products, salves, balms, tinctures, wreaths, etc.

For further information about the herbal workshops or herbs,
please call Hildegard at (540) 894-5126

or e-mail
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

You can register for the Herb Day by phone or email at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Let us know your name, address, and phone number. The fee is $10 per session, payable to Twin Oaks Community. Please reserve early.

Twin Oaks Community Herb Garden

Common & Latin Name

Uses

Notes

Alfalfa

Medicago sativa

 

Tonic, nutritive, anti-inflamatory

Used for: vitamins, minerals and calcium

 

hardy perennial

Angelica

Angelica archangelica

 

Used for: colds, coughs, pleurisy, colic, rheumatism, diseases of the urinary organs

 

biennial

Anise Hyssop

Agastache foeniculum

 

Used for: tea

 

perennial non spreading mint

Apothecary’s Rose

Rose gallica officinalis

 

Used for: tea, edible flower

   

Arnica, American

Arnica chamissonis

 

Used for: bruises, burns, inflamations

Can blister the skin

 

perennial

Artemisia, Old Woman

Artemisia stellerana

 

Used for: dried wreath making

 

spreading perennial

Artemisia, Silver King

Artemisia ludoviciana

 

Used for: dried wreath making

 

spreading perennial

Artemisia, Sweet Annie

Artemisia Annua

 

Used for: tonic summer tea, tonic to the liver during heat & humidity

 

hardy annual

Aster, New England

Aster novae angliae

 

Can be dried for smudging

Used for: fever, pain

 

perennial

Balm of Gilead

Populus balsamifera

 

Stimulant and diuretic

Buds are covered with a resinous material that is a good preservative for other ointments

Used for: rheumatism, chest, stomach, and kidney problems, bruises, swellings, skin problems

 

tree

Bamboo, Bent Knee (or Golden Groove)

Phyllostachys aureosulcata

 

Used for: edible shoots, usable canes, hot weather tea from leaves

 

spreading perennial

Bamboo, Black

Phyllostachys nigra

 

Used for: black ornamental canes, edible shoots, hot weather tea from leaves

 

"

Bamboo, Flute

Phyllostachys rubra marginata

 

Used for: making flutes, edible shoots, hot weather tea from leaves

 

"

Bamboo, Golden

Phyllostachys aurea

 

Used for: decorative walking sticks, edible shoots, hot weather tea from leaves

 

"

Basil, Sweet

Ocymum basilium

 

Used for: mild nervous headaches, rheumatic pains, vomiting, nausea, warts

 

annual

Bee Balm, Purple

(bergamot)

Monarda didyma

 

Used for: tea, edible flowers

Historical note: Boston settlers used this plant for tea after dumping Brittish tea in a tax resisting action.

 

spreading perennial

Bee Balm, Red (bergamot)

Monarda didyma

 

See above

 

"

Bloodroot

Sanguinaria candensis

 

Expectorant, emmenagogue

Used for: asthma, bronchitis, croup, nervous irritation, lowering high pulse, heart palpitation, ringworm, dysentery, fungoid growths, eczema

In toxic doses, it causes burning in the stomach, intense thirst, vomiting, faintness, vertigo

 

woodland perennial

Boneset

Eudatorium

 

Stimulant, laxative

Used for: muscular rheumatism, colds, fever, flu, dyspepsia, tapeworm

 

perennial

Boxwood

Buxus sempervirens

 

 

Used for: ornamental wreaths, creating hedging in gardens

 

shrub

Bugle, Common

Ajuga reptans

 

Astringent and mildly-analgesic

used for: wounds, cleansing the liver, hemorrhage, cough, hangover

 

low growing spreading perennial

Calendula (Pot Marigold)

Calendula Officinalis

 

Used for: first-aid skin lotions and ointments

 

hardy annual

Cardinal Flower (Giant Lobelia)

lobelia siphilitica

 

Used for: sedative, coughs

 

perennial

Catnip (Catnep, Catmint)

Nepeta cataria

 

Used for: cat intoxication, human colds and fevers, inducing sleep, restlessness, colic

 

perennial

Celandine, Greater

Chelidonium majus

 

Used for: warts, corns, stomach pains, inflammation of the bilary duct, jaundice, eczema, obstructions of the liver and gallbladder, warts, ringworm, corns

 

perennial

Chamomile, German

Matricaria recutita

 

See below

 

hardy annual

Chamomile, Roman

Chamaemelum nobile

 

Used for: relaxation, skin wash, fevers, nightmares, indigestion, colic, heartburn, loss of appetite, gout, headache

 

spreading perennial

Chastetree

Agnus castus

 

Used for: hormonal balancing, regulating menstrual bleeding or too frequent menstruation, paralysis, pains in the limbs

 

small tree

Chervil

Anthriscus Cereifolium

 

Used for: food

 

biennial

Chives, Garlic

Allium Tuberosum

 

Used for: food

 

perennial, self sows

Chives, Onion

Allium Schoenoprasum

 

Used for: food

 

perennial, self sows

Cilantro

Coriandrum Sativum

 

Used for: food

 

annual, likes cool weather

Clove Pink (Carnation)

Dianthus caryophyllus

 

Used for: flavoring ales and wines, scenting potpourri

 

perennial

Clover, Red

Trifolium pratense

 

alterative and antispasmodic

Used for: tonic, blood purifying, cancer, bronchial troubles, whooping cough, gastric troubles, ulcers, calcium

 

short lived perennial

Coltsfoot

Tussilago Farfara

 

Used for: coughs, colds, hoarseness, bronchitis, asthma

 

spreading perennial

Comfrey

Symphytum officinale

 

Contains allantoin, a hormone-like substance that stimulates cell division

Used for: wounds, ulcers, broken bones

Pyrrolizidine alkaloids found in comfrey leaves and roots have reportedly caused liver damage when eaten over a long period of time. External use is safe.

 

perennial, grows from root pieces- beware

Costmary

Tanacetum balsamita

 

Used for: food, fixative for potpourri

 

spreading perennial

Currant, Black

Ribes nigrum

 

Used for: sore throat, fever

 

bush

Currant, Clove

Ribes odonatum

 

See above

 

"

Dame’s Rocket (Sweet Rocket)

Hesperis matronalis

 

Used for: edible flowers

 

short lived perennial, self sows

Day Lily

Hemerocalis

 

Used for: salads

 

clumping perennial

Dill

Anethum graveolens

 

stimulant, carminative

Used for: food, flatulence

 

annual, self sows

Echinacea

Echinacea augustifolia

 

Antiseptic, alterative

Used for: increasing resistance to infection, cancer, syphilis, hemorrhoids, fever

 

perennial

Echinacea

Echinacea purpurea

 

See above

 

perennial

Elderberry

Sambucus canadensis

 

Used for: fevers, colds, skin

 

shrub

Elecampane

Inula helenium

 

Diuretic, tonic, diaphoretic, expectorant, alterative, antiseptic, astringent and gently stimulant

Used for: coughing, bronchitis, asthma, stimulating digestion, toning the stomach, skin problems, pulmonary disease, healing sheep and horses

 

perennial 5’

Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus neglecta

 

Stimulant, antiseptic, aromatic

Used for: sore throat, tuberculosis, bronchitis, croup, parasitic skin infections, deodorizing the air

In large doses, it irritates the kidneys

 

shrub

Eucalyptus, Babyblue

Eucalyptus archerii

 

See above

 

shrub

Fennel

Foeniculum vulgare dulce

 

Used for: improving digestibility of oily foods, calming infants, chronic coughs, flatulence

 

shrub

Fennel, Bronze

Foeniculum vulgare dulce rubrum

 

See above

 

perennial

Fenugreek

Foenum Graecum Trigonella

 

Used for: fevers, stomach upset, diabetes, abscesses, boils, carbuncles, gout

 

 

annual

Feverfew

Chrysanthemum parthenium

 

Aperient, carminative, bitter, emmenagogue

Used for: migraines, arthritis, reducing tension, coughs, insect bites

 

perennial

Foxglove

Digitalis Purpurea

 

Source of digitalis, which stimulates and regulates the heart

Too powerful to use without medicial supervision.

 

biennial

Garlic

Allium Sativum

 

Antibiotic

Used for: high blood pressure, repelling insects

 

perennial

Garlic, Elephant

Allium ampeloprasum var ampeloprasum

 

See above

 

perennial

Geranium, Apple

Pelargonium Odoratissimum

 

Used for:

 

perennial

Germander, Wall

Teucrium Chamaedrys

 

Stimulant, tonic, diaphoretic, diuretic

Used for: upset stomach, promoting appetite, gout, fevers, uterine obstructions, coughs, headache

 

perennial

Goldenrod, Sweet

Solidago odora

 

Used for: stomach and bowel complaints

 

perennial

Goldenseal

Hydrastis Canadensis

 

Used for: sore gums, gastritis, nasal congestion, digestion, sore eyes, yellow dye, hemorrhoids, liver troubles, constipation, vomiting

 

perennial

Gooseberry

Ribes Grossularia

 

Used for: inflammations, spring tonics

 

bush

Goutweed

Aegopodium podograria

 

Sedative, diuretic and anti-inflammatory properties

Used for: gout, sciatica, arthritis, rheumatism, inflamation

 

spreading perennial

Grapes

Vitis vinifera

 

Used for: food

 

vine

Heartsease ( Viola, Johnny Jump Up)

Viola tricolor

 

Used for: dropsy, respiratory catarrh and skin eruptions, epilepsy, asthma, heart disease, love potion

 

hardy annual

Hen & Chicks (Houseleek)

Sempervium tectorum

 

Used for: burns and various skin diseases, earache

 

perennial

Hops

Humulus lupulus

 

Used for: flavoring for beer, calming tension, insomnia, improving the appetite and digestion

 

strong growing vine

Horehound, Black

Marrubium vulgare

 

antispasmodic and expectorant

Used for: nausea, vomiting, motion sickness, morning sickness, stimulating the uterus

 

perennial

Horse Tail

Equisetum arvense

 

Contains silicic compounds which promote the coagulation of blood

Used for: bleeding ulcers, excessive menstrual flow, mouth and gum inflammations, kidney and bladder infections, hemorrhage, swollen eyelids

 

spreading perennial

Horseradish

Cochlearia armoracia

 

Used for: digestion, rheumatism, promoting perspiration, cough, worms

 

 

 

perennial, grows from root pieces

Hyssop

Hyssopus officinalis

 

Used for: weak stomach, muscular rheumatism, bruises, cuts, pulmonary disease

 

 

perennial

Ivy

Hedera helix

 

Used for: dysentery, jaundice, sunburn

 

spreading perennial

Ivy, Ground

Glechoma hederacea

 

Used for: kidney diseases, indigestion, coughs, nervous headaches, bruises, black eyes, sore and weak eyes

 

spreading perennial

Japanese Ginger

Zingiber mioga

 

Used for: food

 

spreading perennial

Lady’s Bedstraw

Galium verum

 

Used for: urinary diseases, red dye

 

mat forming perennial 1’

Lady’s Mantle, Alpine

Alchemilla alpina

 

See below

 

perennial 1’

Lady’s Mantle, Regular

Alchemilla mollis

 

astringent

Used for: wounds, menstrual disorders, stimulating appetite, rheumatism, stomach ailments, muscle disorders

 

perennial 1’

Lambs Ears, Wooly

Stachys byzantina

 

Used for: bandaging wounds, wreath making

 

spreading perennial 2’

Lavender

Lavandula angustifolia

 

Used for: dried sachets, scented soaps, perfume, potpourri, faintness, spasms, colic, flatulence, fatigue, toothache, neuralgia, sprains, rheumatism

 

perennial 2’

Lemon Balm

Melissa officinalis

 

Used for: tea, heart stimulant, calming nerves, melancholy

 

mildly spreading perennial 2’

Licorice

Glycyrrhiza glabra

 

Used for: throat, lungs, balancing other herbs in perscriptions

 

perennial4’

Ligonberry

Vaccinium vitus-idaea

 

Used for:

 

spreading perennial 1’

Lilac

Syringa vulgaris

 

Used for:

 

shrub 4’-6’

Lobelia, Blue (Indian Tobacco)

Lobelia inflata

 

Used for: bronchitis, epilepsy, tonsillitis, sprains, bruises, skin diseases, expectorant, nauseant, sedative, asthma, whooping cough, stimulant in small doses, nerve depressant in larger doses

Excessive doses can cause severe depression.

 

perennial 2’

Lotus, Sacred

Nelumbo nucifera

 

Used for: food and medicine,

 

water plant 4’-6’

Lovage

Levisticum officinale

 

Used for: stomach disorders, fevers colic, flatulence, emmenagogue

 

perennial 3’

Lungwort

Pulmoniaria officinalis

 

astringent

used for: coughs, bronchitis, excess mucus, hemorrhoids, diarrhea, inflammation

 

woodland perennial 1’

Madder, Rose

Rubia tinctorium

 

Used for: nosebleeds, hemorrhages, blood disorders, reducing fever, source of red dye

 

spreading perennial 3’

Marjoram, Sweet

Origanum majorana

 

Used for: sprains, bruises, emmenagogue, sneezing powder

 

tender perennial 1’

Marshmallow

Althaea officinalis

 

Used for: irritations & inflammations of the skin, throat, eyes, lungs and urinary organs

 

peennial 3’

Meadowsweet

Fillidendula ulmaria

 

 

Contains salicylic acid, chemically similar to aspirin

Used for: flu, gout, rheumatism, arthritis, fever

 

perennial4’

Mint, Fairy

Pycnathemum nuticum

 

Used for:

 

spreading perennial 2’

Mint, Mountain

Pycnathemum pilosum

 

Used for:

 

spreading perennial 3’

Mint, Peppermint

Mentha piperita

 

anti-spasmodic, stimulant, stomachic and carminative

Used for: alternative to coffee or caffeinated tea, stomach indigestion, stomach cramps, flatulence, colic, diarrhea, nausea, flavoring other medicines

don’t drink while pregnant

 

spreading perennial 2’

Mint, Spearmint

Mentha viridis

 

 

Similar to peppermint, but not as strong

 

spreading perennial 2’

Moneyplant

Lunaria

 

Used for: dried arrangements

 

biennial 2’

Motherwort

Leonurus cardiaca

 

Used for: PMS, menstrual pain, delayed menstruation, sedative, calming the nervous system, strengthening the heart, circulation

 

perennial, self sows 3’

Mullein

Verbascum thapsus

 

emulcent, emollient, astringent

Used for: bleeding of the lungs and bowels, sedative, cough, mucus membrane irritation, hemorrhoids, diarrhea

 

biennial 5’

Nasturtium

Tropaeolum majus

 

Used for: promotes appetite

 

annual 1’

Nettle, Dead (Purple Archangel)

Lamium purpureum

 

Used for: stopping hemorrhages, inducing sweating in order to combat chills

 

winter weed, perennial

Nettle, Stinging

Urtica dioica

 

Astringent, stimulant

Used for: bronchial and asthmatic problems, poison and venomous bites, hair growth

 

spreading perennial, stings

Oregano

Origanum vulgare hirtum

 

Used for: food, colds

 

perennial 2’

Orris

Iris germanica var. Florentina

 

Used for: perfume and potpourri

 

perennial 2’

Parsley

Crispum petroselinum

 

Used for: stomach upset, bad breath

 

biennial

Passion Flower

Passiflora incarnata

 

Used for: reducing arterial pressure, epilepsy, diarrhea, dysentery, sleeplessness

 

vine, perennial, can be invasive

Pennyroyal

Mentha Pulegium

 

Used for: headache, repelling insects, fainting, stomach upset, spasms

 

low creeper, perennial

Primrose

Primula Vulgaris

 

Antispasmodic, vermifuge, emetic, astringent Used for: muscular rheumatism, paralysis, gout, sedative, headaches

 

perennial, 1’, yellow blooms in spring

Prunella (Self Heal)

Prunella Vulgaris

 

Astringent and antiseptic

Used for: first aid on fresh wounds, sore throats, bleeding gums, hemorrhoids, heavy menstruation

 

perennial, self sows,

Pussy Willow

Salix caprea

 

Contains salicylic acid, chemically similar to aspirin

Used for: sore throat, heartburn, stomach problems, food poisoning, arthritic pain, corns

 

shrub

Rose Hip Rose

Rosa rugosa

 

Used for: souce of vitamin C

 

shrub

Rosemary "ARP"

Rosmarinus officinalis

 

astringent, diaphoretic, stimulant

Used for: headache, hair-lotions, preventing premature baldness, dandruff, stimulating the kidneys, circulation, colic, colds, antispasmodic, asthma

 

perennial, needs winter protection

Rue

Ruta graveolens

 

Used for: headache, repelling insects, coughs, croupy affections, colic, flatulence, nightmares

 

perennial 3’

Sage

Salvia officinalis

 

Used for: dyspepsia, sore throat, bleeding gums

 

perennial 3’

Sorrel, Sheep

Rumex acetosella

 

Used for: fevers, inflammation, diarrhea, excessive menstruation, cancer, urinary and kidney diseases

 

low creeping perennial

Southernwood

Artemisia abrotanum

 

 

Antiseptic

Used for: emmenagogue, worms

 

perennial 3’

Speedwell, Garden

Veronica longifolia

 

Used for:

 

perennial 2’

Speedwell, Silver

Veronica incana

 

Used for:

 

"

St. John’s Wort

Hypericum perforatum

 

Used for: insomnia, depression, bedwetting, bladder troubles, painful joints, strained muscles, hemorrhages, jaundice

 

short lived perennial 3’

Sweet Cicely

Myrrhis odorata

 

Antiseptic

Used for: coughs, flatulence, gentle stomachs stimulant, snake and dog bites,

 

3’ perennial

Sweet William

Dianthus barbatus

 

Used for: edible flowers

 

2’ biennial

Tansy, Curled (Crisp)

Tanacetum vulgare var. Crispum

 

See below

 

perennial 3’ on runners

Tansy, Plain

Tanacetum vulgare

 

Used for: repelling ants and cockroaches

 

"

Tarragon, French

Artemisia dracunculus Sativa

 

 

Used for: food

 

2’ perennial

Thyme, Garden

Thymus vulgaris

 

Anti-bacterial, anti- fungal

Used for: colds

 

1’ perennial

Thyme, Lemon

Thymus x citriodorus

 

See above

 

"

Thyme, Mother of

Thymus serpyllum

 

See above

 

short crawling perennial

Thyme, Mother of (Red)

Thymus Serpyllum var. Coccineus

 

See above

 

"

Thyme, Oregano

Thymus sp.

 

See above

 

"

Thyme, Pennsylvania Dutch Tea

?

 

See above

 

"

Tobacco

Nicotiana rustica

 

Used for: bee stings, smoking, insectiside

 

annual, 3’

Valerian

Valeriana officinalis

 

Used for: sedative

 

3’ perennial

Violet, Sweet

Viola odorata

 

Used for: tea, edible flowers, cold sores, vitamin C

 

1’ self sowing perennial

Winter Savory

Satureja montana

 

Anti-bacterial

Used for: colds

 

2’ perennial

Witch Hazel

Hamamelis virginiana

 

Astringent with hemostatic properties

Used for: hemorrhoids, varicose veins

 

small tree

Wolfberry

Lycium Barbarum

 

See below

 

vine

Wolfberry, Chinese (Matrimony Vine, Gou-gi-zi)

Lycium Chinense

But Richters says Lycium barbarum

 

Used for: strengthening muscles and bone, restoring liver function, improving vision, increasing white blood cell counts, stimulating tissue development

 

"

Wood Betony

Stachys officinalis

 

Used for: substitute for black tea, headache, tonic

 

2’ perennial

Woodruff, Sweet

Galium odoratum

 

Used for: vanilla scented May wine, migrane, nervous conditions

 

1’ creeping perennial that is shade tolerant

Wormwood

Artemisia powis castle

 

Used for: absinthe and other liquors, vermifuge for worms

 

3’ perennial

Yarrow

Achillea millefolium

 

Used for: cuts, cleansing skin, digestion, circulation, building natural resistance to colds, helping the functions of the liver, gall bladder, and kidneys, stop bleeding

 

3’ perennial

Here's a small selection of photos from the Herb Garden and one of our annual herb day events.

Arbor. A beautiful sitting spot that looks out over the herb garden. Courtyard buildings visible behind.

A large garden next to the Courtyard buildings complex. Includes hundreds of culinary, medicinal and ornamental herbs. An annual workshop open to the public is given here.